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Via Inc. : A bad boss is bad for your health, but they can be overcome.

Bad bosses contaminate the workplace. Some do so obliviously, while others smugly manipulate their employees, using them as instruments of their own success. Regardless of their methods, bad bosses cause irrevocable damage to their companies and employees by hindering performance and creating unnecessary stress.

The stress your boss causes is bad for your health. Multiple studies have found that working for a bad boss increases your chance of having a heart attack by as much as 50%.

Even more troubling is the number of bad bosses out there. Gallup research found that 60% of government workers are miserable because of bad bosses. In another study 69% of US workers compared bosses with too much power to toddlers with too much power.

The comparisons don’t stop there. Significant percentages of US workers describe their bosses as follows:

  • Self-oriented (60%)
  • Stubborn (49%)
  • Overly demanding (43%)
  • Impulsive (41%)
  • Interruptive (39%)

Most bosses aren’t surprised by these statistics. A DDI study found that 64% of managers admit that they need to work on their management skills. When asked where they should focus their efforts, managers overwhelmingly say, “Bringing in the numbers”; yet, they are most often fired for poor people skills.

TalentSmart has conducted research with more than a million people, and we’ve found that 90% of top performers are skilled at managing their emotions in times of stress in order to remain calm and in control. One of their greatest gifts is the ability to neutralize toxic people–even those they report to. This is no easy task. It requires a great deal of emotional intelligence, a skill that top performers rely on.

While the best option when you have a bad boss is to seek other employment, this isn’t always possible. Successful people know how to make the most of a bad situation. A bad boss doesn’t deter them because they understand that success is simply the product of how well you can play the hand you’ve been dealt. When that “hand” is a bad boss, successful people identify the type of bad boss they are working for and then use this information to neutralize their boss’ behavior. What follows are six of the most common types of bad bosses and the strategies that successful people employ to work effectively with them.

The Inappropriate Buddy
This is the boss who’s too friendly, and not in the fun, team-building sort of way. He is constantly inviting you to hang out outside of work and engages in unnecessary office gossip. He uses his influence to make friends at the expense of his work. He chooses favorites and creates divisions among employees, who become frustrated by the imbalance in attention and respect. He can’t make tough decisions involving employees or even fire those who need to be fired (unless he doesn’t like them). His office quickly becomes The Office.

How to neutralize an inappropriate buddy: The most important thing to do with this type of boss is to learn to set firm boundaries. Don’t allow his position to intimidate you. By consciously and proactively establishing a boundary, you can take control of the situation. For example, you can remain friendly with your boss throughout the day but still not be afraid to say no to drinks after work. The difficult part here is maintaining consistency with your boundaries, even if your boss is persistent. By distancing yourself from his behaviors that you deem inappropriate, you will still be able to succeed and even have a healthy relationship with your boss.

It’s important you don’t put up unnecessary boundaries that stop you from being seen as friendly (ideally, a friend). Instead of trying to change the crowd-pleaser and force him to be something he’s not, having him see you as an ally will put you in a stronger position than you could have anticipated.

The Micromanager
This is the boss who makes you feel as if you are under constant surveillance. She thought your handwriting could use improvement, so she waited until you left work at 7:00 p.m. to throw away your pencils and replace them with the .9 lead mechanical pencils that have the “proper grip.” She has even handed back your 20-page report because you used a binder clip instead of a staple. The micromanager pays too much attention to small details, and her constant hovering makes employees feel discouraged, frustrated, and even uncomfortable.

How to neutralize a micromanager: Successful people appeal to micromanagers by proving themselves to be flexible, competent, and disciplined while staying in constant communication. A micromanager is naturally drawn to the employee who produces work the way she envisions. The challenge with the micromanager is grasping the “envisioned way.” To do this, try asking specific questions about your project, check in frequently, and look for trends in the micromanager’s feedback.

Of course, this will not always work. Some micromanagers will never stop searching for something to over-analyze and micromanage. When this is the case, you must learn to derive your sense of satisfaction from within. Don’t allow your boss’ obsession with details to create feelings of inadequacy as this will only lead to further stress and underperformance. Remember, a good report without a staple is still a good report. Despite your boss’ fixation on detail, she appreciates your work; she just doesn’t know how to show it.

The Tyrant
The tyrant resorts to Machiavellian tactics and constantly makes decisions that feed his ego. His primary concern is maintaining power, and he will coerce and intimidate others to do so. The tyrant thinks of his employees as a criminal gang aboard his ship. He classifies people in his mind and treats them accordingly: High achievers who challenge his thinking are treated as mutinous. Those who support their achievements with gestures of loyalty find themselves in the position of first mate. Those who perform poorly are stuck cleaning the latrines and swabbing the decks.

How to neutralize a tyrant: A painful but effective strategy with the tyrant is to present your ideas in a way that allows him to take partial credit. The tyrant can then maintain his ego without having to shut down your idea. Always be quick to give him some credit, even though he is unlikely to reciprocate, because this will inevitably put you on his good side. Also, to survive a tyrant, you must choose your battles wisely. If you practice self-awareness and manage your emotions, you can rationally choose which battles are worth fighting and which ones you should just let go. This way, you won’t find yourself on latrine duty.

The Incompetent
This boss was promoted hastily or hired haphazardly and holds a position that is beyond her capabilities. Most likely, she is not completely incompetent, but she has people who report to her that have been at the company a lot longer and have information and skills that she lacks.

How to neutralize an incompetent: If you find yourself frustrated with this type of boss, it is likely because you have experience that she lacks. It is important to swallow your pride and share your experience and knowledge, without rubbing it in her face. Share the information that this boss needs to grow into her role, and you’ll become her ally and confidant.

The Robot
In the mind of the robot, you are employee number 72 with a production yield of 84 percent and experience level 91. This boss makes decisions based on the numbers, and when he’s forced to reach a conclusion without the proper data, he self-destructs. He makes little or no effort to connect with his employees, and instead, looks solely to the numbers to decide who is invaluable and who needs to go.

How to neutralize a robot: To succeed with a robot, you need to speak his language. When you have an idea, make certain you have the data to back it up. The same goes with your performance–you need to know what he values and be able to show it to him if you want to prove your worth. Once you’ve accomplished this, you can begin trying to nudge him out of his antisocial comfort zone. The trick is to find ways to connect with him directly, without being pushy or rude. Schedule face-to-face meetings and respond to some of his e-mails by knocking on his door. Forcing him to connect with you as a person, however so slightly, will make you more than a list of numbers and put a face to your name. Just because he’s all about the numbers, it doesn’t mean you can’t make yourself the exception. Do so in small doses, however, because he’s unlikely to respond well to the overbearing social type.

The Visionary
Her strength lies in her ideas and innovations. However, this entrepreneurial approach becomes dangerous when a plan or solution needs to be implemented, and she can’t bring herself to focus on the task at hand. When the time comes to execute her vision, she’s already off onto the next idea, and you’re left to figure things out on your own.

How to neutralize a visionary: To best deal with this type, reverse her train of thought. She naturally takes a broad perspective, so be quick to funnel things down into something smaller and more practical. To do so, ask a lot of specific questions that force her to rationally approach the issue and to consider potential obstacles to executing her broad ideas. Don’t refute her ideas directly, or she will feel criticized; instead, focus her attention on what it will take to realistically implement her plan. Oftentimes, your questions will diffuse her plan, and when they don’t, they’ll get her to understand–and commit to–the effort it’s going to take on her part to help make it happen.

The Seagull
We’ve all been there–sitting in the shadow of a seagull manager who decided it was time to roll up his sleeves, swoop in, and squawk up a storm. Instead of taking the time to get the facts straight and work alongside the team to realize a viable solution, the seagull deposits steaming piles of formulaic advice and then abruptly takes off, leaving everyone else behind to clean up the mess. Seagulls interact with their employees only when there’s a fire to put out. Even then, they move in and out so hastily–and put so little thought into their approach–that they make bad situations worse by frustrating and alienating those who need them the most.

How to neutralize a seagull: A group approach works best with seagulls. If you can get the entire team to sit down with him and explain that his abrupt approach to solving problems makes it extremely difficult for everyone to perform at their best, this message is likely to be heard. If the entire group bands together and provides constructive, non-threatening feedback, the seagull will more often than not find a better way to work with his team. It’s easy to spot a seagull when you’re on the receiving end of their airborne dumps, but the manager doing the squawking is often unaware of the negative impact of his behavior. Have the group give him a little nudge, and things are bound to change for the better.

Bringing It All Together

If you think these strategies might help others, please share this article with your network. Research suggests that roughly half of them are currently working for a bad boss.

Via Metro : Many people spend more of their life at work than anywhere else so it’s natural that you will get to know the people in your office very quickly indeed.

And while there are plenty of unique people who are too awesome to fit into any category, there is always at least one of the following anywhere you work.

How many do you recognise?

And which one are you?

1. The eager to please one

Bless them, they’ll do anything for brownie points whether it’s missing lunch or being the last to leave at the end of the shift. They will pipe up at every meeting just so the boss notices them and might not even feel comfortable calling the manager by their first name.

2. The work avoider

They have developed the most genius way of looking busy without actually achieving anything. Their social media is most active during work hours.

3. The bossy one with no real authority

Yeah, there is always one who likes to throw their weight around when they are the same rank as everyone else. Best just to let them have their moment.

4. The one who makes you cringe with what they say

This is the guy who will start a sentence with ‘I’m not racist but…’

5. The overly flirty one

Have they heard of personal space?

6. The clumsy one

If you sit beside this person, expect a spilled cup of tea at least once a day. Sorry is their most used word in the English vocabulary.

7. The work spy

Nice to your face but everything, and I mean EVERYTHING, gets fed back to the manager in an email at the end of the day entitled ‘Update’

8. The joker

Everything is a laugh when this person is around. Unless everyone is staying late at a training session and the banter is holding everyone up.

9. The IT phobe

How can you work in an office if you can’t find the on button on your computer? Also, ensure you get any printing done before their shift starts. Chances are that the Lexmark will have an ‘out of order’ sign on it soon.

10. The noisy eater

The one that makes lunchtime sheer hell.

11. The party animal

The person who comes in rough every morning with exciting tales of dancing, drink and debauchery to regale everyone with, making you feel bad that the biggest thrill of your night was finding two chunks of chicken in your microwave meal.

12. The quiet one

They tend to blend in but their air of mystery is intriguing and everyone suspects that they become a little bit insane once they leave the building.

13. The sensitive one

Your heart drops when you have to point out that they have made a mistake in case they burst into tears.

14. The one who works to rule

They check their contract after every request from management and would make an absolutely fantastic union rep.

15. The downright miserable one

They hate their job. They hate their colleague. They seem to hate everything.

16. The incessant chatterer

It’s pretty hard to concentrate when this person is regaling you with every single thing they said on the phone to their mum last night.

17. The desperate for romance one

Usually also the one that gives TMI when they do finally get some too.

Via LinkedIn : Gossip. Gossip. Gossip. Isn’t it all we really talk about today anyway? For the large part, the only news that gets reported daily is negative news. It gets ratings and it is also what fuels most people at work when they talk about their co-workers. People don’t talk about a job well done from a meeting that was well prepared. People don’t get excited and giddy about the promotion one of their friends got recently. People don’t high five each other at the end of a difficult project. Instead, people at work form cliques and groups and tend to spend more of their time whispering about who takes the most PTO days than they do focusing on their own self-improvement. Here are five reasons your coworkers will talk behind your back.

1. You Spend More Time In The Kitchen Than At Your Desk– Just like our homes, the office kitchen is the daily congregation place where office mates hang out and talk. While some people eat lunch at their desk every day, others, have managed to make themselves five or six meals and kill at least an hour or two a day grazing in the office kitchen. Coffee breaks, snack break, and of course a nice long chat during lunch. This is a target coworkers are sure to talk about behind your back.

2. Your Office Looks Like A Hurricane Zone– Trust me, the days you take off work, your coworkers will be snooping around your cubicle trying to figure out why it looks like a CSI Miami scene. In fact, unbeknowst to you, your desk has made Instagram and Vine with more fun being poked at it than a pinata. You don’t have to be a complete neat freak because that could have them talking about you as well, but certainly being the office Pigpen won’t make you a fan favorite.

3. You are known as the ‘office’ lampshade– When summer picnics and holiday parties roll around, you are famous for being the person who starts drinking shots and you end up winning the proverbial lampshade award every year. While you’ve thought it was cool and people shake your and hand smile at your face, the truth is that your office is making a ton of fun about you and this can really hurt your career. Drink too much at any functions and you can be 100% certain they’ll be talking about you in the lunchroom when you saunter back to your desk.

4. Your nickname is Johnny Drama– Being the office drama queen or king is a surefire way to get your coworkers to start talking about your back. Yelling at your spouse or kids on the phone at work, running in and out of the office taking private calls on your mobile phone, and having constant emergencies at home are an easy target for your to become the center of conversation. It’s great to share a little bit about your weekend and what goes on with your family, but make sure not to create a scene at work.

5. Too Much PTO and Sick Days– The truth is, everybody watches everybody at work and often challenge who is following policies and who is not. If you are the one who is taking the most PTO and Sick Days, your coworkers will notice because they’ll likely have to pick up the slack for the work that you miss. Being the office leader in these two categories will only lead to people talking more about you behind your back.

Consider this if you don’t think co-workers will gossip behind your back. Perez Hilton (the blogger not the socialite) is ranked 582nd in the United States in terms of traffic according to Alexa. As you grow your career and elevate yourself for the next promotion, make sure to not put yourself in the position of being the office punching bag.